Zuckerman (2014: 39) points out that the same technologies that have made it possible for eyewitnesses to share what they see make it equally easy to manipulate images and present them out of context. However, this is more of a problem for journalists and curators than consumers. For example, the documentation practised by Syrian rebels and Occupiers is explicitly a form of activist speech. It should be read as persuasive, not reportorial. Where these images present a more serious problem is for the curator who wants to create a portrait of events that is representative and fair.

Thus, Zuckerman (2014: 41) notes, questions about authenticity, provenance and agenda are inevitable as we consider the ramifications of the increasing prevalence of citizen journalists. However, an even more pressing concern, which affects the documentary field as a whole, is the scarcity of attention.

Key concept: Attention Key Context: Perception

Perception-Action cycle

Perception – [Action]

Attention [Action – mode of attending][mode of ‘being present – synchronous and asynchronous]

[Analysis] [Methodology]

Interpretation [Methodology]

Reading [Methodology]

Responding – Acting

Action – [Perception]

Note on the relationship between Perception, as an ongoing relationship to a perceptual field and Attention, of which Reading is a particular form of Attending.

Attending has a double sense: paying attention; and being present and participating in an event or in a situation.

Attending to the Evidence (cf): to what extent is making visible, also making public, which is to say making evident to a public

Attention – Attending – Ensemble – Assemblage – Ensemble assembly –


Zuckerman, Ethan (2014). Curating participation. Aperture, 214, Spring 2014, pp.36-41.