Enaction is the name given to a programme for understanding cognition, initiated by Varela, Thomson and Rosch (1991). In this perspective, an organism enacts the world it lives in. Its effective, embodied inter-action with the world actually constitutes its perception and thereby grounds its cognition (Stewart, Gapenne and Di Paolo, 2014).

Such a perspective is of value in seeking to understand the workings of narrative environments and may be of value, as methodology, in the design of narrative environments as enacted worlds.


Stewart, J., Gapenne, O. & Di Paolo, E.A. (2014). Introduction. In Enaction: towards a new paradigm for cognitive science. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. vii–xvii.

Varela, F., Thompson, E. and Rosch, E., (1991). The embodied mind: cognitive science and human experience, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.